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追求極致美!冷軋不銹鋼板幕墻系統的設計與應用

來源:現代幕墻系統技術(蘇州)有限公司  作者:李德生  日期:2019-10-24
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   【摘要】本文介紹冷軋不銹鋼板的產品特性、生產工藝及其在不銹鋼幕墻系統設計及施工過程中應考慮的因素;闡述了冷軋不銹鋼板幕墻的系統結構設計、接縫處理、平整度的技術實現方式,生產裝配的技術要求;并結合項目實踐分析技術具體應用,板材施工失誤后的處理方案,及典型單元式冷軋不銹鋼的系統設計與項目完成的技術成果介紹。  
   【關鍵詞】冷軋不銹鋼板、平整度,系統設計

  【ZHAIYAO】BENWENJIESHAODECHANPINTEXING、SHENGCHANGONGYIJIQIZAIXITONGSHEJIJISHIGONGGUOCHENGZHONGYINGKAOLVDEYINSU;CHANSHULELENGYADEXITONG、CHULI、DEJISHUSHIXIANFANGSHI,SHENGCHANZHUANGPEIDEJISHUYAOQIU;BINGJIEHEXIANGMUSHIJIANFENXIJISHUJUTIYINGYONG,SHIGONGSHIWUHOUDECHULIFANGAN,JIDIANXINGDANYUANSHILENGYADEXITONGSHEJIYUXIANGMUWANCHENGDEJISHUCHENGGUOJIESHAO。

  【GUANJIANCI】LENGYABUXIU、PINGZHENGDU,XITONGSHEJI

  1 冷軋不銹鋼板概述

  1.1 LENGYABUXIUGANGBANSHIYONGLENGYAGONGYISHENGCHANDEBUXIUGANGGANGBAN,YIBANHOUDUZAI1.5mm~4.0mmZUOYOU。LENGYAHOUDEBUXIUGANGBANBIAOMIANKEYIXINGCHENGTESHUDEWENLITUAN(RUTU1),YETIGAOLEBUXIUGANGBANCAIDEYUPINGZHENGDU,LENGYABUXIUGANGBANZAIGONGCHENGSHANGDEYUNYONGKEYIQIDAOTESHUDEZHIGANDEWAIQIANGXIAOGUO,BINGQIEDAFUTIGAOLEBUXIUGANGBANWAIQIANGDEPINGZHENGDU。

圖1:部分冷軋不銹鋼樣板

  1.2 YOUYULENGYABUXIUGANGBANZISHENDETEXING,QIJUYOUYIDINGDEQIANGDU,HAO,BINGQIEJIAODAJIJUYOULIANGHAOXINGNENG,YIBANQINGKUANGXIASHIGENJUXIANGMUTEDIANJIEGOUXINGNENGYAOQIULAIJINXINGMUQIANGXITONGSHEJI,BINGGENJUBUTONGSHIYONGDIQUDEWURANCHENGDUXUANZEQIADANGDEPAIHAO,KEANZHAOTU2JINXINGLENGYABUXIUGANGBANCAIPAIHAODEXUANZE:

圖2:不銹鋼板牌號選擇

  GELEIBUXIUGANGPAIHAODEGUONEIWAIGUIFANDUIZHAOBIAO:

圖3:規范中不銹鋼牌號對照表

  KAOLVDAOGUONEIHUANJINGKONGQIWURANJIFANGYUXINGNENG,ZAIGUONEIDEMUQIANGGONGCHENGZHONGCHANGCHANGSHIYONGDEBUXIUGANGBANDEPAIHAOWEI022Cr17Ni12Mo2(SUCHENG316L)。

  1.3 DIANXINGDEBUXIULENGYASHENGCHANGONGYILIUCHENG:

  a →→→SHUIXI→→BUXIUGANGDAI

  b BUXIUGANGDAIDELENGYA

  c BUXIUGANGDAIDEJINGZHENG:PINGZHENG、、、ZONGQIE、HENGQIEDENG。

  YINWEIBUXIUGANGCHANPINDETEXING,SHIYONGZAIMUQIANGGONGCHENGSHANGDELENGYABUXIUGANGBANBIXUJINGGUOYISHANGGONGYILIUCHENGCAIKEBAOZHENGBANCAIDEPINGZHENGDUYUBIAOMIANXIAOGUO。

  2 冷軋不銹鋼幕墻的系統設計

  2.1 LENGYABUXIUGANGBANCAIYINCAILIAODEZISHENTEXING,QIBIAOMIANFANSHEGAO,DUIGUANGXIANFEICHANGMINGAN,QINGWEIDEDOUHUIZAOCHENGMINGXIANDESHIJUEGANSHOU;QIRENXINGDA,HUOQITAQINGWEIDEBIANXINGWEIYIDOUHUIZAOCHENGJIAODADEPINGZHENGDUYINGXIANG;ZHEXIETEDIANJUEDINGLEBUXIUGANGBANMUQIANGXIANGDUIYUPUTONGDUIPINGZHENGDUYOUGENGGAODEYAOQIU。

  2.2 TONGCHANGDEBUXIUGANGMUQIANGSHISHIYONGZHEBIANJIAGONGJIKAIVKOUDEGONGYI,DANSHIZHEBIANJIAGONGHUIDUIBANKUAIBIANBUCHANSHENGQINGWEIDEHUDUERYINGXIANGPINGZHENGDU,SUOYIDUILENGYABUXIUGANGBANMUQIANGLAISHUO,JINKENENGDEXUANZESHIYONGBUXIUGANGJINXINGSHEJISHIYONG;BINGQIEBUXIUGANGBANDEHOUDUDUIPINGZHENGDUDESHIXIANYOUZHONGYAODEYINGXIANG,BUTONGDEHOUDUYEJUEDINGLEBANCAISHIYONGBUTONGDEJIAGONGZHUANGPEIGONGYIYUJIEGOUSHEJI。

  2.3 SHIYONGMUQIANGZHONGDELENGYABUXIUGANGBANYIBANDESHIYONGFANGSHIYOU:ZHEBIANHEZIXING、PINGBANXING,XING。

  ZHEBIANHEZIXINGSHIZHIBANKUAISIBIANSHIYONGYONGKAIVKOUJINXINGZHEBIANJIAGONGDEGONGYI,BINGJIEHEJIAQIANGLEIDEBUZHIJINXINGBANKUAIJIAGONGDEGONGYIFANGSHI。

  PINGBANXINGSHIZHIBUXIUGANGSHIYONGJIAGONG,YONGJINGQIEDEPINGBANZHIJIEZUOWEIMUQIANGSHIYONG,PINGBANYINWEIMEIYOUJINXINGZHEBIANDEGONGYI,GUBANCAIKEYIDADAOJIGAODEYAOQIU。

  FUHEBANXINGSHIZHIBUXIUGANGBANYUBEICHENBANHUOZHESHIYONGZHUANYONGDEJINXINGZUHECHENGBANKUAIDEFANGSHI,FUHEBANXINGDEBUXIUGANGBANPINGZHENGDUKEYIDADAOJIAOGAODEYAOQIU,DANDUIQIZHANHEJIDEJINAIGAOWENYOUYANGEDEJISHUYAOQIU。

  2.4 JIEFENGCHULI:YIBANQINGKUANGXIA,SHIYONGLENGYABUXIUGANGBANMUQIANGJIANYISHIYONGKAIFENGSHIJIEFENG CHULI,NEIBUXINGCHENGDENGYAGOUZAOXITONG。RUXUANYONGJIEFENGCHULI,XUYAODUIBUXIUGANGBANBIAOMIANJINXINGCHUYOUWUCHULI,ZAITUZHUANYONGHUANYANG,FOUZEHENNANBAOZHENGYUBUXIUGANGBANCAIDEZHANJIEXINGNENG。

  2.5 BANKUAIFENGE:ZHENGCHANGDELENGYABUXIUGANGBANDEKUANDUCHICUNFANWEI: 50mm~1219mm,CHANGDUCHICUNFANWEI:500mm~4000mm。BANKUAIDEFENGECHULEYAOGENJUMUQIANGJIANZHUSHEJIFENGEDEYAOQIU,HUANYAOYANJIUBANKUAIDEKEJIAGONGXINGJIPINGZHENGDUKONGZHIMUBIAOYAOQIU,BINGQIEYINWEIBUXIUGANGBANDETEXING,DUIBIANXINGYUPINGZHENGDUDESHEJIMUBIAOYINGYUANGAOYUGUIFANYAOQIU。

  2.6 LIANJIESHEJI:BUXIUGANGBANYUJIAQIANGLEIDELIANJIEYIBANYOULIANGZHONGFANGSHI:ZHONGHANDINGFA、JIAOZHANFA。WEILEFANGZHIHANJIEDUIBUXIUGANGBANBIAOMIANXINGCHENGPOHUAI,FANGZHIBIAOMIANCHUXIANHANJIEHUDIAN,YIBANHOUDUZAI2mmYISHANGDEBANCAIFANGKESHIYONGZHONGHANDINGFA,BINGDUIHANDIANDEJIANJUJINXINGYANGEDEJISUANQUEDING,JIANYANHANDIANZHILIANGKEYIHANJIEHOUJINXINGPOHUAIXINGSHIYAN,YIMUCAISILIEHUOHANDINGERHANFENGBUWEIHANJIEHEGE。SHIYONGJIAOZHANFADE,YINGTONGGUOSHIYANQUEDINGXINGNENG、NAIGAOWENNENGLIJIDENG。

  2.7 BUXIUGANGMUQIANGDESHEJISHILI:

圖4:開縫式平板型不銹鋼系統節點一

圖5:開縫式平板型不銹鋼系統節點二

  2.7.1 TUSITUWUSHISHIYONGKAIFENGSHIDEBUXIUGANGPINGBANXITONGSHEJI,PINGBANBUXIUGANGKEYIBIMIANYOUYUGANGBANKAIVKOUZHEBIANCHANSHENGDEQINGWEIHUBIANWANQUYUCHUXIANNEIBUCANYUXIANXIANG,BINGQIEZAIBANHOUDUMANZUYAOQIUDEQINGKUANGXIA,LILUNSHANGBANCAIKEYIDADAOJIGAODEPINGZHENGDU。

  2.7.2 TUSITUWUXITONGJIEDIANZHONG,PINGBANBUXIUGANGHOUMIANDEFUKUANGTONGGUOZUHECHENGWEILVHEJIN,ZAIKUANGJIAZHONGTONGGUOLIANJIEHENGSHUXIANGXINGCHENGJINGZIFUKUANGWANGGE,FUKUANGLONGGUDECHICUNDAXIAOYUJINGZIGEJIANJUKEGENJUJISUANQUEDING。BINGQIEYOUYUBUXIUGANGBANRENXINGDA,ZAIBANKUAIJIAGONGZHUANGPEISHIYINGCHONGFENKAOLVBUXIUGANGBANZISHENNEIBUCANYUYINGLI、LIANJIEANZHUANGCHANSHENGDEANZHUANGYINGLI、ANZHUANGHOUDE,YISHIXIANWUYINGLISHENGCHAN。

  2.7.3 PINGBANBUXIUGANGTONGGUOZHONGHANDINGYULVHEJINFUKUANGJIEGOUJINXINGKEKAOLIANJIE,BINGGENJUJISUANJIEGOULIANJIEXUYAODE,ERXINGCHENGWANZHENGDEBUXIUGANGBANKUAIDANYUAN。

  2.7.4 PINGBANBUXIUGANGBANKUAIDANYUANSHUXIANGLIANGBIANTONGGUOGUAGOUGUAJIEZAIXIANCHANGANZHUANGHAODEGUAZUOSHANG,BANKUAISHANGDUANTONGGUOYUYUZHUANGDEJINXINGLIANJIE,BANKUAIXIADUANTONGGUOGONGMULIAOCHAJIELIANJIEZAIXIAYIBANKUAIDESHANGDUANDECHACHISHANG。

  2.7.5 TONGGUOLIANJIEJISHUSHIXIANWUYINGLIANZHUANG。YOU2.7.4TIAODEBANKUAIANZHUANGFANGSHI,BUXIUGANGBANKUAIDANYUANSHANGBIANWEIGUDINGLIANJIE,LIANGCEBIANYUXIABIANJUNWEIWEIGUASHICHAJIELIANJIE,ZAIGUAJIECHAJIEWEIZHIJUNYULIUKEYISHIYINGBANKUAICHUIZHIFANGXIANGDEBIANXINGKONGJIAN,CIYULIUDEBIANXINGKONGJIANYINGKAOLVANZHUANGPIANCHA、REZHANGLENGSUO、CENGJIANBIANXINGDENGYAOSUDAILAIDEYINGXIANG。ZHEYANGBANKUAIZAIZHONGLIFANGXIANGSHIZHONGSHICHUYUCHUIZHIXUANGUAZHUANGTAI,BUXIUGANGBANKUAIDE、KANGREZHANGLENGSUODENGQITABIANXINGJUNKEYIJINXINGYOUXIAODESHIFANG,CONGERSHIXIANBANKUAIWUYINGLIANZHUANG,SHIBUXIUGANGMUQIANGBIAOMIANSHIXIANJIGAODEPINGZHENGDU。

  2.7.6 BANKUAIANZHUANGWANCHENGHOU,PINGBANBUXIUGANGMUQIANGTONGGUOKAIFENGRANGBUXIUGANGBEIHOUDEKONGQICENGYUSHIWAINENGGOUSHUNCHANGDELIUTONG,SHIBUXIUGANGBANBEIHOUDEKONGQICENGYUSHIWAIDEKONGQIXIANGTONGDENGYA,CONGERFANGZHIYUSHUIYOUYUYALICHAJINRUSHINEI,HEKENENGDESHUIKETONGGUOSHEZHIDEPAISHUITONGDAOYOUZUZHIDEPAICHU。

  2.7.7 BUXIUGANGMUQIANGDEJIEFENGCHUCAIYONGBUDAJIAODEGONGYI,JIANSHAOLEJIEFENGDEBIAOMIANWURAN,SHIBANMIANBIAOMIANBAOCHICHANGQIQINGJIE。

  3 冷軋不銹鋼板幕墻的工程實踐運用

  SUZHOUMOUXIANGMUYOU2DONGHE3CENGGOUCHENG。WAILIMIANYOU、BUWENLENGYABUXIUGANGBANZUCHENG,SHIYONGDANYUANTIMUQIANGXITONG。QIZHONGLENGYABUWENBUXIUGANGBANMUQIANGYONGYUMUQIANGLIMIAN、MUQIANGXIANTIAODENGBUWEI。

  GAIXIANGMULENGYABUWENBUXIUGANGMUQIANGSHISHIGUOCHENGZHONGDUIPINGZHENGDUDESHIXIANKEWEISHIYIBOSANZHE,ZAIXIANGMUDESHIGONGTUZHONG,JIEDIANSHEJISHIZAI2mmLENGYABUWENBUXIUGANGBANNEISHIYONG2mmZUOWEIBEICHENBANJIAOZHANERCHENGFUHEBANCAI。

  TU6SHIBUXIUGANGZUOWEIMUQIANGDEHENGXIANGXIANTIAODEXITONGJIEDIANSHEJITU,LENGYABUWENBUXIUGANGFUHEBANCAITONGGUOLIANJIEJIANYULIANJIEJINXINGLIANJIEZAIMUQIANGLONGGUSHANG。

圖6:不銹鋼幕墻橫向線條節點設計

  TU7SHIZHENGLIMIANDEBUXIUGANGMUQIANGXITONGJIEDIANSHEJITU,2mmHOUBUWENBUXIUGANGXIANTIAOBAOFUZAI2mmGANGBANBEICHENBANSHANG,TONGGUOJIAOMALIANJIEZAIDANYUANTIMUQIANGGONGMULIAOSHANG。

圖7: 正立面不銹鋼幕墻系統節點設計圖

  DANSHIXIANCHANGANZHUANGHOUDEDAMIANMUQIANGXIAOGUOQUERANGRENDADIEYANJING,BUXIUGANGMUKUAIDADUOCHUXIANBIANXINGGUBAOXIANXIANG,JIANTU8。JINGGUOJIANCHAYUANYINFAXIAN,TUZHISHANGSHEJIDEDUXINGANGBANBEICHENBANMEIYOUANZHUANG,BUXIUGANGBANDEHOUDUYEMEIDADAOTUZHIDEYAOQIU,BINGQIEMEIYOUJINXINGRENHEDEJIAQIANGCUOSHI。

圖8:布紋冷軋不銹鋼板幕墻的變形鼓包

  JINGGUOXIANCHANGZHILIANGJIANCHAJIGONGCHENGXIANZHUANG,JINGGUOTAOLUNZUIZHONGQUEDINGZHENGGAIFANGAN,ZAIBUXIUGANGBANBEIBUSHIYONGNAIGAOWENWUSHUANGZUFENYU15mmHOUJINXINGERCHENGBUXIUGANGBANKUAIDANYUAN,ZAITONGGUOJIAOMAYUDANYUANTIMUQIANGLONGGUJINXINGLIANJIE,JIEDIANJIANTU9,ANZHAOCIFANGANZHENGGAIHOUMUQIANGPINGZHENGDUJIAOHAO,ZHENGGAIWANCHENGHOUXIAOGUOJIANTU10。

圖9:使用鋁蜂窩的不銹鋼板幕墻

圖10:使用鋁蜂窩不銹鋼板幕墻整改后的現場照片

  SUZHOUXINTUODASHAWEIYUSUZHOUGONGYEYUANQUXINGHAIGUANGCHANGBEICE(TU11),WAIMUQIANGWEIJIEGOUXINGSHI,LENGYABUWENBUXIUGANGBANWEIYUMUQIANGDAMIAN、YUPENG、DANYUANTIMUQIANGXIANJIAODENGBUWEI。BUXIUGANGBANSHIYONGLEYULVFENGWOXIANGFUHEDEBANCAIJIEGOUXINGSHI。

圖11:蘇州信托大廈現場實照

  TU12WEISUZHOUXINTUODASHALENGYABUXIUGANGMUQIANGJUBUJIEDIAN,XITONGSHIYONGDANYUANSHIMUQIANGJIEGOU,1.5mmHOUDELENGYABUXIUGANGBANTONGGUOZHUANYONGJUANZHIQIANGLIJIAOYULVFENGWOJINXINGLIANJIEXINGCHENGBUXIUGANGFUHEBANKUAI,BANKUAITONGGUOYUDANYUANSHIMUQIANGDELONGGUJINXINGLIANJIEXINGCHENGDANYUANSHIMUQIANGBANKUAI。DUIBUXIUGANGBANDEDAJIAOMIAN,XUJINXINGCHUYOUWUCHULI,ZAITUZHUANYONGHUANYANGDIQI,BINGXUZUOSHIYAN。1.5mmHOUDELENGYABUXIUGANGYINWEILVFENGWOFUHEDEYUANYINSHIYONGBANCAIQIANGDUPINGZHENGDUJUNDADAOHENGAODEYAOQIU,SHUXIANGBIANTONGGUOJIEGOUJIAOYUDANYUANSHIMUQIANGDEGONGMULIAOJINXINGLIANJIE,HENGXIANGBIANSHIYONGJIXIELIANJIEZAIHENGXIANGLONGGUSHANG,TONGGUODANYUANSHIMUQIANGJIEGOUXINGSHISHIXIANMUQIANGDEZHUANGPEIANZHUANG。TU13WEISUZHOUXINTUODASHALENGYABUXIUGANGMUQIANGANZHUANGWANCHENGHOUDEXIANCHANGZHAOPIAN,TU14WEISHIYONGTONGYANGDELENGYABUXIUGANGGONGYIDESUZHOUXINTUODASHALENGYABUXIUGANGRUKOUYUPENGXIANCHANGZHAOPIAN。

圖12:蘇州信托大廈冷軋不銹鋼幕墻局部節點

圖13:蘇州信托大廈冷軋不銹鋼幕墻現場照片

圖14:蘇州信托大廈冷軋不銹鋼入口雨棚現場照片

  4 總結

  SUIZHUDUIGENGGAODEYAOQIU,LENGYABUXIUGANGBANCAIZUOWEIDEGAODUANCAILIAODEDAOYUELAIYUEDUODEYUNYONG,WOMENYINGGENJUGUIFANYUGONGCHENGSHIJIXUANZEQIADANGDEBANCAIJIJINXINGHELIDEXITONGSHEJI,LENGYABUXIUGANGMUQIANGDEPINGZHENGDUZHIGUANZHONGYAO,BANCAIJIAGONG、BANKUAIZUZHUANG、BANKUAIANZHUANGJUNYINGSHIXIANWUYINGLISHENGCHANANZHUANG,ZAIXIANGMUANLISHIJIANGUOCHENGZHONGYUDAOWENTIYINGNENGGOUGENJUSHIJIQINGKUANGJINXINGWENTIDEZHENGQUEZHENGGAIXIUZHENG。

  參考文獻:

  JIANZHUWUMIANHEMUQIANGYONGLENGYABUXIUGANGGANGBANHEGANGDAI:GB/T 34200-2017. BEIJING:ZHONGGUOBIAOZHUNCHUBANSHE,2017

  【ZUOZHEJIANJIE】:LIDESHENG,GAOJIGONGCHENGSHI,XIANDAIMUQIANGXITONGJISHU(SUZHOU)YOUXIANGONGSIZONGJINGLI,QIDISHEJIJITUANMUQIANGYANJIUZHONGXINZHUREN、MUQIANGZONGJIAN;CHANGQICONGSHIMUQIANGXITONGYANFAGONGZUO。CENGZHUCHIGUOSHIDUOXIANGDAXINGMUQIANGGONGCHENGDEJISHUYUGUANLIGONGZUO,SHANCHANGGAOXINGNENGMUQIANGXITONGKAIFA、GAOXINGNENGXITONGKAIFA、GONGCHENGGUWEN。CENGYANFAHUXINGXITONG、WAITIAODANYUANMUQIANGXITONG、YIXINGDANYUANMUQIANGXITONG、HUAJIANXIANDAIXITONG、JIENENGDANYUANQIANGXITONG、GAOXINGNENGCHUANGXITONG、CHAODINENGHAOMUQIANGMENCHUANGXITONGDENG。FABIAOGUODUOPIANXUESHULUNWEN,SHEJIGUOSHIDUOXIANGMUQIANGXITONGJISHUZHUANLI,KAIFADEXITONGJIEGOUYOUYUEXINGNENGTUCHU,BEIYUNYONGYUZHUDUOGONGCHENGXIANGMU。

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