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個性化肌理幕墻實現之道

來源:2018-2019分析報告  作者:孟根寶力高  日期:2019-8-20
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   摘要:隨著數字化、自動化技術的發展和應用,建筑外表皮采用個性化肌理,即肌理幕墻成為了建筑發展的趨勢之一。本文首先給出“肌理幕墻”通用定義,并對不同的結構體系和不同材料組成的個性化肌理幕墻,進行結構和性能設計要點分析。再結合詳細剖析具體國內外肌理幕墻案例,總結了肌理幕墻設計,特別是“單層集成肌理幕墻”設計技巧和質量控制要點,為個性化肌理幕墻設計提供啟發性思路和可借鑒的經驗。
    關鍵詞:肌理幕墻;雙層肌理幕墻;單層肌理幕墻;平面內變形;微通風肌理幕墻

  ZHAI YAO:SUIZHUSHUZIHUA、ZIDONGHUAJISHUDEFAZHANHEYINGYONG,JIANZHUWAIBIAOPICAIYONGGEXINGHUAJILI,JIJILIMUQIANGCHENGWEILEJIANZHUFAZHANDEQUSHIZHIYI。BENWENSHOUXIANGEICHU“JILIMUQIANG”TONGYONGDINGYI,BINGDUIBUTONGDEJIEGOUTIXIHEBUTONGCAILIAOZUCHENGDEGEXINGHUAJILIMUQIANG,JINXINGJIEGOUHEXINGNENGSHEJIYAODIANFENXI。ZAIJIEHEXIANGXIPOUXIJUTIGUONEIWAIJILIMUQIANGANLI,ZONGJIELEJILIMUQIANGSHEJI,TEBIESHI“DANCENGJICHENGJILIMUQIANG”SHEJIJIQIAOHEZHILIANGKONGZHIYAODIAN,WEIGEXINGHUAJILIMUQIANGSHEJITIGONGQIFAXINGSILUHEKEJIEJIANDEJINGYAN。

  GUANJIANCI:JILIMUQIANG;SHUANGCENGJILIMUQIANG;DANCENGJILIMUQIANG;NEI;WEITONGFENGJILIMUQIANG

  1 引言

  ZAIMANCHANGDERENLEILISHIFAZHANDEGUOCHENGZHONG,DAXINGJIANZHUHUODONGJINGLILECONGJIANDANDAOFUZA、CONGWEIZONGJIAOJISHAOSHUGUIZUFUWUDAODAZHONGFUWUDEJIEDUAN。GONGYEHUAPUJIZHIQIAN,ZHONGGUOJIANZHUYIJUNHENGDUICHENGDEFANGSHIXINGCHENGYUANLUOSHIZUQUNBUZHI,JUYOUTIANRENHEYIDETEZHENG,RANERXIFANGGUJIANZHUYILITIGANGUAN、DANYIBUJUWEITEZHENG,GENGJUSHENHUAHEZONGJIAOXINGSHUXING。RANERZONGGUANZHONGWAIGUJIANZHUDEFENGGEJILIMIANBIAOXIANXINGSHI,JIBENSHANGWEIZHENGZHI、ZONGJIAOWENHUAFUHAOWEIJICHUJIANZHI,BINGBIAOXIANCHUTIKUAIBIANHUAWEIZHU,JIEGOUYUZHUANGSHIYITIHUATEDIAN(RUTU1.1SUOSHI)。

  GONGYEGEMINGYINFALESHEHUISHENGCHANHESHEHUISHENGHUODEDABIANGE,CHUXIANMANZUGUANGDARENMINQUNZHONGXUYAODEXIANDAIZHUYIJIANZHU(RUTUSHI1.2),QITEDIANWEIJIANZHUXINGSHIJIANJIE、BIAOZHUNHUA,SHIHEPILIANGSHENGCHAN。XIANDAIZHUYIJIANZHUCHANSHENGYU19SHIJIHOUQI,CHENGSHUYU20SHIJI20NIANDAI,ZAI50~60NIANDAIFENGXINGYUQUANSHIJIE,SHI20SHIJIZHONGXIEZAIXIFANGJIANZHUJIEJUZHUDAODIWEIDEYIZHONGJIANZHU。SUIZHU“XIANDAIZHUYI”JIANZHUZHUANXIANG“HOUXIANDAIZHUYI”JIANZHU,JIANZHUSHEJIQIANGDIAOJIANZHUSUISHIDAIERFAZHAN,TONGGONGYEHUASHEHUIXIANGSHIYING,QIANGDIAOJIANZHUDESHIYONGGONGNENGHEJINGJIWENTIDETONGSHI,ZHUZHANGJIJICAIYONG、XINJIEGOU,JIANJUEBAITUOGUOSHIDEJIANZHUSHIYANGDESHUFU,FANGSHOUCHUANGZAOXINDEJIANZHUFENGGE,ZHUZHANGFAZHANXINDEJIANZHUMEIXUE,CHUANGZAOJIANZHUXINFENGGE。QIZAOXINGHEXIANTIAOYIJIANJIEDEZAOXINGHEXIANTIAOSUZAOXIANMINGDESHEQUBIAOQING。LIMIANHETONGGUOGAOSONGDEHEDAIYOUQIANGLIEZHIGANDEDUIJICHUJUZHUZHEDEXUANFUGAN,YIGUOJILIUXINGDESEDIAOHEFEIDUICHENGXINGDESHOUFA,ZHANGXIANDOUSHIGANHEXIANDAIGAN。QISHUXIANTIAODESECAIFENGEHECHUNCUICHOUXIANGDEJIHEFENGGE,NINGLIANYINGLANG,YINGZAOTINGBADESHEQUXINGXIANG。QIBOLANGXINGTAIDEJIANZHUBUJUGAODIDIEDANG,JIANDANQINGSONG,SHUSHIZIRAN。QIANGDIAOSHIDAIGANSHITAZUIDADETEDIAN。

  SUIZHUJIANZHUSHENMEITIYANDEDUOYANGHUAHESHUZIHUAJIANZAOJISHUDEJINBU,YUELAIYUEDUODEJIANZHUCAIYONGJICHENGZAIWENHUAYUANSU,YOUJUBEICHOUXIANGMEIGANJILIDEDUTEMUQIANGXINGSHI-JILIMUQIANG(RUTU1.3SUOSHI)CHENGWEIQIXUANZE。ZHEZHONGMUQIANGXIANGDUIYUJUYOUJUXINGPINGHUABIAOMIANMUQIANG,YINRUGENGDUOZHEZHOU、XIEXIAN、HUXIANHEBUGUIZEXIANTIAODENGJIHEBIANHUAYAOSU,XINGCHENGLITIGANHEYUNLVQIANGLIEDEGUANGYINGJILIBIAOPIMUQIANG。TAJIANGCHENGWEIXIANZAIJIANZHUSHEJIQUSHIDEZHUYAOYUANYINCONGYIXIAJIGEFANGMIANKANDAODUANNI:

  1) YEZHUBIAODAZIWOGEXINGYUSHANGYEJIAZHIZHUIQIUDONGLI。

  2) BIAODAZIWODUCHUANGHEYISHUZAOYIDEZHUIQIU。

  3) TUIDONGJISHUJINBUHETIGAOFUJIAZHIDEXIANSHIXUYAO。

  4) WEICHENGSHIZENGTIANXINYUANSU,TIXIANRENLEI、JIANZHUHERENLEIWENMINGDEGEXINGHUADAOLUSHANGFENHUAFAZHANXUYAO。

  (RUXIATUSUOSHI,

  2 幕墻的分類新視野

  SHIYOUYUZHICHENGTIXIZUCHENGDE,XIANGDUIYUYOUYIDINGHEZISHENYOUYIDINGBIANWEINENGLI,XIANGZHUTIJIEGOUCHUANDIZISHENSUOSHOUDEJIANZHUWAIWEIHUTIXI。MIANBANKECAIYONGBOLI、DENGGEZHONGJINSHUBAN,GENJUZHICHENGGOUJIAKECAIYONGGANG、、、BOLIDENGCAILIAO(RUTU2.1)。

  MUQIANGFENLEIWEIDUHENDUO,TONGCHANGANJIEGOUHEMIANBANZHONGLEIJINXING(RUTU2.2SUOSHI)。“JILIMUQIANG”ZEGENJUBIAOMIANSHUXINGJINXINGDEMINGMING,YESHINEIHANJIAODUODEMINGMINGHEFENLEIFANGSHI。

  JILIMUQIANGZHONGDEDUOCENGJILIMUQIANG(RUBOLI、SHICAI、JINSHUBANHUOWANG、MUCAI、HEBANDENG)YUDANCENGJICHENGJILIMUQIANG(RUTIKUAIBIANHUAXINGCHENG、BANKUAICHIDUSHANGBIANHUADENG)SHIGENJUJIANZHUZHENGTIBIAOXIANDEBUTONGXINGSHIZAIJIANZHUMUQIANGDESHEJISHIXIANGFUXIANGCHENG,GONGTONGFAZHAN。DUIYUDUOCENGJILIMUQIANGCHANGGUIXINGSHIWEINEICENGMUQIANG+WAIGUAJILIMIANBAN,QISHEJIGUANJIANWEILIANJIEKEKAO、WAICENGBANZHIZAOGONGYI、WEIHUFANGBIANHEJICHENGSHEJI(RUTU2.3SUOSHI),DANCENGJICHENGJILIMUQIANGCAIYONGWEIYITIHUAJICHENGGOUZAO,QITEDIANWUJINQIYONG、JIANJIEMEIGUANHEJIAODUZIRANERKEKAODENG(RUTU2.4SUOSHI)。

  3 多層肌理幕墻設計要點及控制策略

  ANLI:SUZHOUKEJIWENHUAYISHUZHONGXIN(RUTU3.1)(MUQIANG+SHUANGCENGWANG)

  SUZHOUKEJIWENHUAYISHUZHONGXIN。WEIYUJINJIHUPANDEWENHUASHUILANGJINGQU,YOUBAOLUO·ANDELUYUHUADONGYUANHEZUOSHEJI,SHEJITIXIANSUZHOUCHUANTONGYUANSU:“YIKEZHENZHU、YIDUANQIANGHEYIGEYUANLIN”WEIJIANZHUMEIXUESHANGDELIYI。

  YUEYAXINGSHUANGCENGTUANWAIQIANG,JIANGUHEJIENENGDECANSIXIANGZHENGXIAOGUO。LIUBIANXINGSHUANGCENGLVHEJINMOKUAIWEIJIBENDANYUAN,TONGGUOLIANXUDEJIHEPINJIE,SHIXIANKONGJIANGANHEFUYOUDEXIANTIAO。WAICEMOKUAIHUASHUANGCENGHUXINGLVHEJINBANGUAYUNIUTUISHANG,SHIXIANLEDUOXIANGJINGQUEDIAOZHENG。BINGYUJICHENGSHEJI。RUTU2.8

  3.1 DUOCENGJILIMUQIANGSHEJILINIAN

  ABUZHABICHANGNIANQIWENSHESHI38DUYISHANG,TONGGUOZHINENGHUAZHEYANGSANSUITAIYANGDEFANGXIANGZIDONGKAIHE,XISHOU50%YISHANG,SHIXIANJIENENGHERENTISHUSHI。

  DUOCENGJILIMUQIANGANLI:

  DUOHAWAIJIAOBUDALOU :NEIZHEYANG

  ANHUIGUANGDIANDASHA:JIANZHUGAODU260m

  MUQIANGTEDIAN:SUOWANGZHICHENGKAIKONGLVBAN ZHUANTIWENZIZHUANGSHIMUQIANG:ZHUANZI8mX6m

  SHANGHAIANDASHI、LANGTINGJIUDIAN:BOLIMUQIANG+WAIGUAHUAGANGYAN

  SHENZHENXINSHIJIEZHONGXIN:YULINDIEWAWAIGUABOLI+BOLIMUQIANG

  TESHUJILIMUQIANGLIZI:

  3.2.2JILIMUQIANGTONGFENGGONGNENGSHEJI

  3.2.3 JILIMUQIANG“PINGMIANBIANXINGSHIYINGXINGNENG” SHEJICELVE

  JILIMUQIANG,YINLEIXINGBUTONGERPINGMIANNEIBIANXINGSHIYINGNENGLIBUTONG,YAOKAOCHAJIAODUQIEHUAN、TIKUAIZHUANHUANWEIZHIDEDIZHEN、BIANXINGSHIDEJIANXIHESHIYINGNENGLI。

  SHI,JIAMA≥3*Q(QZHIYINZHUTIJIEGOULEIXINGERDING,ZHENDUIDUOCENGJIANZHUQ=L/300)

  3.3DUOCENGJILIMUQIANGSHEJIBORUOHUANJIEKONGZHICELVE

  WAIGUAGOUJIANSUOSHOUDA,JIEGOUJISUANYINGGEIYUCHONGFENKAOLV。XINBANJGJ102DI 4.5.6TIAOGUIDING:WAILUYUMUQIANGQIANGMIANDEZHUANGSHIXINGZHEYANGGOUJIANYINGYUMUQIANGLONGGUHUOZHUTIJIEGOUKEKAOLIANJIE。

  ZHU:2098GEZHEYANGSAN,GAODU4.2m,KUANDUKUA4GEDANYUAN4.36~5.82m,ZHIJIELIANJIEDAOZHUTIJIEGOUSHANG。

  9 JILIMUQIANGLEIXING (HANGZHOULAIFUSHIDASHA:LITI)

  3.3.1 JILIMUQIANGXINCAILIAOXINGONGYI

  JILIMUQIANGYINGYONGXINCAILIAO、XINJISHUHEXINGONGYI,YISHIYANFANGFAQUERENQI,YANGEGUANKONGSHIYONGTIAOJIANHEBIANJIE。

  LIZI:SHUANGMUQIANG,HUOGONGYI

  GENJUSHIJIGONGCHENGZAIBAOZHENGXIAOGUODEQINGKUANGXIA,CAIYONGLENGWANBOLIHEDEGONGYIYAOQIU:

  a) LENGWANZAIBIANDE1/60YINEI,QIXINGNENGJIBENBAOCHIBUBIAN。

  b) DABIANXINGXUZUCHIJIANCEQUEREN。

  c) FUJIAZHIXUKAOLV。

  PANGUDAGUAN:CAISESHUANGWAN

  NANJINGDEJIGUANGCHANG

  Nanjing DEJI tower

  RIBENCOCOON

  JINGXIHUASHEJI、SHIGONG:

  JIANZHUXINXIMOXING(BIM)

  YINGWENSHI Building Information Modeling

  WOMENKEYIZHEYANGJIANYAODIMIAOSHUTA:

  TONGGUOSHUZIXINXIFANGZHENMONIJIANZHUWUSUOJUYOUDEZHENSHIXINXI,ZAIZHELI,XINXIBUJINJINSHISANWEIJIHEXINGZHUANGXINXI,HUANBAOHANDALIANGDEFEIJIHEXINGXINXI,RUDECAILIAO、ZHONGLIANG、JIAGE、JINDU、GUIGE、XINGHAODENG。

  BIMDEBENZHISHISHENGCHANHEGONGZUOFANGSHIDEGAIBIAN!

  3.3.2JILIMUQIANGANLI

  DASHA:

  A1 MUQIANGXITONG

  BENGONGCHENGNANDIANJIJIEJUEFANGAN:

  1.HENGSHUKUANGYUBOLIBUTONGJIAJIAO,HENGSHUKUANGQIANDUANJIAZUHE,DIAOZHENGJIAODU

  2.YOUYULIMIANJIAODUBUYIZHI,SHUKUANGDIDUANYUSHANGHENGKUANGCHAJIEBUNENGBAOZHENGYIZHIFENGXI,TONGGUOJIADAXIAHENGKUANGCHICUN,SHIXIAHENGKUANGBAOZHUSHUKUANGYUSHANGHENGKUANGCHAJIE。

  3.FT113XITONG,HENGKUANGGENJUMUQIANGBIAOMIANDEQINGXIEJIAODU,SHEDINGYIGEJIAODUZUOWEIHENGKUANGJIZHUNMIAN。WEILEFANGZHICHANGQISHOUJIAN,BOLIWAICESHEZHI。TONGSHIDUICAJIXIANWEIKOU(BMU)JINXINGLEHELIHUASHEJI。

  4 總結

  SUIZHUGONGYECONG1.0DAO4.0DESHENGJIFAZHAN,MUQIANGYECONGJIANDAN、BIAOZHUNHUAXIANGFUZAJILIMUQIANGFANGXIANGFAZHAN,BIAOXIANCHUYIXIATEDIAN:

  a)JIHEXINGZHUANGYUEFAFUZA、GOUJIANZHONGLEIGENGDUO、JIAGONGZUZHUANGGENGFUZA;

  b) YAOQIUGAOYUJIANZHUQITAPEITAOZHUANYE;

  c) QIAOMIAOSHIXIANGONGNENGXINGNENGMIANLINGENGDUOTIAOZHAN;

  JIANZHUGONGYE4.0YIZHINENGZHIZAOWEIZHUDAODEJIANZHUXINGYEDEGEMINGXINGSHENGCHANFANGFA,QIHEXINWEI:GEXINGHUA、XINXIHUA、GONGYEHUA。

  1、JILIMUQIANGSHIJIANZHUSHEJI“GEXINGHUA”DEZHONGYAOFANGMIAN,SUIJIANZHUSHEJIGEXINGHUA,QIBILIHUIZENGJIA。

  JIANZHUYUMUQIANGDEGUANXISHIJIANZHUXITONGYUZIXITONG,SUIZHUSHUZIHUA、ZIDONGHUAJISHUDEYINGYONG,JIANZHUXIAOPILIANGGEXINGHUAYIDINGSHIFAZHANQUSHIZHIYI。CONGERJILIMUQIANGBILIHUIZENGJIA,YINGJINXINGFENLEIZHONGDIANYANJIU。

  2、ZHENDUIJILIMUQIANGTEDIAN,MUQIANGGOUZAOSHEJI,YINGKAOLVZHENDUIXINGCUOSHI。

  a) WEIBAOZHENGJIANZHULIMIANXIAOGUO,MUQIANGGOUJIANKECAIYONG“DUANKUANGGONGYI”CHULI。

  DUANKUANGKECAIYONGGANGCHAXIN(HUO)LIANTONG,TONGGUOZAISHUKUANGQIANDUANJIADINGSIDENGXIAOCHUJIANXICELVESHIXIANCHUANLIKEKAO。

  b) LONGGUYUBOLIZHIJIANBUTONGJIAJIAO,KEZENGJIAZUHEFUKUANG,SHIYINGJIAODUBIANHUA。

  C) TONGGUOXITONGKAOLVSHINEIWAIXIAOGUO,BAOZHENGNEIWAIXIAOGUOHEXINGNENG。LIRU,JIADAXIAHENGKUANGJIEMIANCHICUN,SHIXIAHENGKUANGBAOZHUSHUKUANGYUSHANGHENGKUANGCHAJIE。

  3、SHEJI,YINGKAOLVBORUOHUANJIE,BINGYIZUCHIJIANCEYANGQUERENQIXINGNENGKEKAO。

  a) XINGNENGSHEJIJIBENYUANLIYUJILITEXINGJIEHE,JINXINGZHENDUIXINGSHEJI。

  b) YAOGUANZHUJILIMUQIANGXINGNENGSHEJIBORUOHUANJIE,YIBANPINGMIANNEINENG、HEJIENENGCHUXIANBORUOHUANJIE,YINGGEIYUZHONGSHI。

  c) DUOCENGJIZUCHIJIANCESHIQUERENMUQIANGXINGNENGZHIQUESHIXINGZHIMU,YAORENZHENZHIXING。

  4、 JILIZONGTISHANGJIANGCHUYUSHANGSHENGQUSHI。JILIMUQIANG,XIANGDUICHUANTONGMUQIANGXUANTIAOGOUJIANDUO、SHOULIFUZA,KANGFENGANQUANYAOZHENDUIXINGLUNZHENG,XUNQIUXIANGYINGSHEJIDUICE。

  LIRU,SHAMOLANDI、GUANGDONGSHANZHUTAIFENGPOHUAIJINGYANGAOSUWOMENWAIXUANGOUJIANSHOUYINGXIANGDA,YINGRENZHENFENXIZHOUWEIJIANZHUHUANJINGDUIJIANZHUFENGYAFENBUDEYINGXIANG。

  5、 MUQIANGGEXINGHUAYUXINCAILIAO、XINJISHUHEXINGONGYI。

  ZUOWEIJILIMUQIANG,XINCAILIAO、XINJISHUHEXINGONGYISHIYONGBIJIAOPUBIAN,YINGZHONGSHIYIXIAJIGEFANGMIAN:

  a)ZUOBIYAODEGONGYICESHI。LIRU,LITIJILIGOUZAOZHENGTIXING、XUANTIAOGOUJIANQIANGDUHEJICHENGTONGFENGDENGZHUANGZHIDEPIPEIDU。

  b)JILIMUQIANGPUBIANCAIYONGGANGLVJIEHESHEJIFANGSHI,YAOBIMIANDIANWEICHA(BIAOMIANHELIXING)DENGYINGXIANGYINSU。JUBEITIAOJIANSHI,YICAIYONGCHAXINHE。

  c)BOLICAIYONGLENGWANJISHUSHI,YAOJINXINGZUCHIYINGLIHEXING()QUERENCESHI。

門窗幕墻第一手資訊! 上中國幕墻網 手機訪問地址

專家介紹

 孟根寶力高

鋁門窗幕墻委員會專家組

工作單位:沈陽遠大科技園有限公司

技術職稱:*

專業:建筑幕墻設計、施工管理

專長:高層建筑幕墻設計及施工管理

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